As part of the celebration of its 50th anniversary, Intel released a limited edition Core i7-8086K a month ago and distributed 8086 units to its lucky ones, promising even to endow AMD marketers. The other day, Intel co-founder 89-year-old Gordon Moore (Gordon Moore) shared his memories of the first steps of his company and the people who laid the foundation for success. The company also shared a star rating of its innovations.
Initially, Intel asked the audience to name 50 of its achievements, which are most remembered or considered the largest in the past half century. Then 26 thousand employees of the company voted for a dozen of Intel products and technologies from this list. As a result of such cooperation, the public and employees of the corporation obtained a curious rating of 10 points.
The first place on the right took the architecture of x86. It was first introduced 40 years ago, in the distant 1978 together with the Intel 8086 processor. This family of backwards compatible sets of commands has since passed a huge path and today dominates the markets of PCs, workstations and servers. However, there was a time and almost undivided dominion of x86 in the field of computing - today, due to brisk mobile competitors (primarily ARM), the situation is changing rapidly.
The second place was given to the so-called Moore's Law - an observation originally made by Gordon Moore (even before he became the founder of Intel). According to him, the number of transistors placed on a semiconductor crystal doubles on average every 24 months. For many years the rule has been in effect, but recently it begins to slip because of the size of the transistor approaching atomic quantities. The same Intel has already released 4 generations of processors on a 14-nm process technology (constantly refined, but nevertheless) and can not reach mass production in compliance with 10-nm standards.
The third place was taken by universal serial bus - USB (Universal Serial Bus), which became truly an industry standard for connecting peripherals and is now used universally (already in USB 3.1 version). In the development of USB, Intel actively participated, and the first controllers were released by the company in 1995.
The fourth place is Intel 8080, the world's first general-purpose microprocessor. Released in 1974, it was successful in part because its 40-pin packaging simplified the interface compared to the 16-pin 8008. It was a chip that helped millions of people understand that they too can be owners of a personal computer.
The fifth place is the technology of 3D-transistors. For decades, only planar structures were used in electronics, but in 2011 Intel used a three-dimensional structure in mass production. The technology was called Tri-Gate and allowed to follow the Law of Moore due to a sharp increase in performance at low operating voltage.
The sixth place was released in 1971, the world's first commercially available microprocessor 4004. It was a monolithic CPU, fully integrated into one small chip.
The seventh place - presented in 1993, the processor under the brand Pentium. Intel first used words instead of numbers for new products. This chip with 3.1 million transistors, along with the Intel Inside marketing campaign, largely "domesticated" Intel, making it habitual in the common people's usage.
The eighth place is the 3D XPoint storage technology announced in 2015, created by the joint efforts of Intel and Micron Technology. This version of non-volatile memory has become a mini-revolution of storage systems, being much faster than NAND and more capacious than DRAM. Intel products are already sold on the market under the brand name Optane.
The ninth place is the Ethernet standard, jointly created by Intel, Digital Equipment Corporation and Xerox, which is still used to unite the most diverse computer systems in a local network. Today, 10-Gigabit Ethernet (10G Ethernet) is becoming more and more popular.
The tenth place is the multi-core architecture of the CPU. In 2005, Intel first developed processors for a PC with several processing cores (the Pentium D family), and soon moved almost the entire family of consumer products to a new approach, making a performance rating per watt one of the key CPU indicators. The name Core (literally - the core) has since been consistently used in naming the majority of the company's consumer CPUs.